Research and Developement Activities
In the first six months, CMAC carried out a number of research and development activities in order to continue improving and innovating mine action safety, efficiency and quality. The followng table shows the research and development projects implemented during the reporting period:
1. ALIS Trial in Integrated Clearance Operations
CMAC has reviewed the structure of its mobile platoons so they can become multi-skilled, with the hope of achieving more outcomes by approximately 200 per cent, but safely.
Using Advanced Learning Imaging System (ALIS) is to enable multi-skill mobile platoon to produce more operational outcomes, by reducing soil digging. This can be done, because ALIS is able to judge the safety of the object (whether mine or not via its screening system).
The ALIS trial was based on two phases. The first phase involved deminers using both a normal mine detector (F3) and ALIS to investigate indications. This was to build up more expereince and confidence. After the first phase (3 months) the deminers could make decision whether or not to investigate alarm indicated by ALIS. The table below shows the results of the trial.
In general, ALIS proved to be a promising technology for future application, with some further improvements.
2. Explosive Harvesting Program
CMAC has been working in partnership with Golden West Humanitarian Foundation sponsored by US Department of Defence o n the Explosive Harvesting program since 2005. This research and development program has been implemented with the objectives to (1) safely remove the explosives from bombs, anti-tank mines, large caliber artillery projectiles, and other ordnance, (2) efficiently recycle the recovered explosives into disposal charges for the demining and EOD teams, and (3) create high quality training aids to i mprove Demining and EOD Knowledge in Cambodia. These objectives have been successful accomplished above expectations. A lot of work has been done in this program and the research and development work has yielded positive results with tons of explosives extracted and shaped charges produced to support demining operations in Cambodia. Explosive charges produced under this research and development program support the demining operations of CMAC, Halo Trust and MAG.
3. Underwater Operations
In addtion to an underwater operations in 2007 in Lvea Em district, CMAC in partnershop with Golden West Foundation again conducted two important pilot survey missions (Tonle Sap River in March and Mekong River in May) to carry out underwater operations to trial new underwater equipment and recover projectiles from the sunken boats in the riverbed.
On March 15th and 16th 2011 operational field trials of underwater detection system were carried out on the Tonle Sap River in Kampong Chhnang province. Three sites were investigated during the field trials. On May 24th through May 26th 2011 operational field trials of the same prototype system were carried out on the Mekong River in Kandal and Prey Veng provinces. Two sites were investigated during the field trials. During these field trials, CMAC gained a lot of understanding and knowledge of underwater operations and this built up the confidence for CMAC’s staff for future under water operations. In addtion, the two operations also recovered over ten tons of explosives from the sunken boats in the river bed.